Diwali Celebration in India

diwali celebration in inida

diwali celebration in inida

Diwali is round the corner, and festivities have started to take place. Diwali or Deepawali, as some may call it, is the most celebrated festival in India. It scintillating grandeur makes people await it around the year.

Diwali, the ‘festival of lights’ has its name’s roots from Sanskrit word ‘deep’ meaning light and ‘avali’ meaning a row of lights. The festival is observed on the 15th day of the Hindu month, Kartik, which occurs in late October or early November every year. Diwali comes as a five day festival; preparations and celebrations making it last over a fortnight.

History of its Origin
Diwali is celebrated eminently by Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists and Bengalis. Likewise, there are a number of occasions that can be traced back to the origin of the festival. Among the various legends that points towards its origin, the most prominent being Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya along with Ma Sita and Laxman after 14 long years of exile; killing Ravana. Other legends associated with Deepawali are the legend of Naraksura where demon Nakasura was killed by Lord Krishna; Incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi; Return of Pandavas; the legend of King Bali; Coronation of King Vikramditya. Lord Ganesha is also worshipped. Apart from these, Diwali is also celebrated as a Harvest Festival.

Sikhs celebrate Diwali as ‘Bandi Chhor Diwas’ to mark the release of Guru Hargobind Singh Ji, the sixth guru of Sikhs, from the Gwalior Fort in the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir, along with 52 other Hindu princes in 1619. Jains celebrate diwali as an auspicious festival as it is on this day that Lord Mahavira, the last Jain Tirthankar, attained the eternal bliss of Nirvana. Buddhists celebrate Diwali, also known as Ashoka Vijayadashami, to mark the conversion of emperor Ashoka to Buddhism on this day. Bengalis celebrate diwali to worship Mother Kali, the goddess of strength.

Even amid the different beliefs, Deepavali is celebrated with love and worship across all states in India, illuminating the country of religious diversities. What remains true and constant to states across the country is the celebration of triumph of good over evil.

The Five Days of Diwali
Each day of the festival has a different role. On the first day of Diwali, known as Dhanteras, people consider it auspicious to shop for gold, silver or kitchen utensils. The second day also known as small (or choti) diwali (marks lord Krishna killing narakasura) is celebrated by making ‘rangoli’ on the floor using colored powders or sand. The third day, the day of ‘amavasya’ or new moon is the main day of the festival when Goddess Laxmi is worshipped. It is on this day that diyas and firecrackers are mostly lighted. The fourth day is observed for Govardhan pooja as the first day of the New Year. The last day is celebrated as ‘Bhaidooj’ where brothers visit their sisters to celebrate their bond.

Each of these five days are filled with celebrations- involving prayers, making beautiful rangoli, decorating houses, shops and societies with vibrant lights, offering good and flowers to God, exchanging gifts and sweets and much more.

Celebrating the festival of Lights
Festivals are mere excuses for families and friends to get together, sparing time for each other and celebrating care and love. Since Diwali is one of the most celebrated festivals every year, it sees the biggest gatherings filled with zeal and enthusiasm. People don new clothes. Friends and relatives visit each other with gifts and best wishes. Everyone prepares a lavish meal. All houses and buildings are adorned with colorful lights that are a delight to watch. Prayers are observed for health, wealth, knowledge, peace, and prosperity. Homes light up with diyas (oil lamps), reflecting the joy and pride with which people celebrate the festival. At night, crackers light up the sky, spreading colors and happiness all over. Diwali is celebrated with enjoyment and a great sense of goodness all over the globe.

Significance of Diwali
Diwali is celebrated to keep alive in us goodness and humanity. Diyas are lit to spread joy in each corner of the country and bring it to light. It signifies hope, togetherness and belief in God. People celebrate the triumph of goodness over evil. The fumes that are produced by firecrackers safeguard us by killing insects and mosquitoes that are in plenty after rains. New clothes and sweets are offered to the underprivileged all around the country to celebrate God’s blessings; after all, happiness spreads when shared.

Have a Happy and Safe Diwali!

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